Published: Sun, May 13, 2018
Worldwide | By Stella Potter

Donald Trump Trump Declares Disaster For Hawaii Volcano Eruption

Donald Trump Trump Declares Disaster For Hawaii Volcano Eruption

The Kilauea Volcano, which began erupting more than a week ago, has destroyed at least 36 structures so far including 27 homes, according to CBS News.

A line of spattering along a lava lake margin of the Kilauea Volcano last month. Rather it experiences effusive eruptions, where magma moves along rifts below the surface before rising and pushing up through fissures in the earth. This is an unnerving prospect indeed, because this could set off a series of powerful steam explosions that could shower the surrounding area with 10-ton molten rocks and spew ash as far as 20 miles away. She had meant to visit Kilauea's summit with her husband and 5-year-old daughter and stay in Volcano, a town a few miles from the crater. If the lava drops below the water table, the encroaching water would turn to steam, building up pressure beneath the plug of fallen rocks and debris.

Hawaii tourism officials are hoping Kilauea's eruption won't deter travellers from visiting the state's largest island, even as geologists warn the volcano could soon shoot large boulders out of its summit.

"We know what people are going through in Leilani Estates". Those types of big blowouts usually take place in stratovolcanoes, steep-sided, cone-shaped volcanoes where pressure builds up in a central vent until the mountain pops in a dramatic explosion. Hawaiian Volcano Observatory Scientist Tina Neal said Friday that an analysis of rock samples indicates the lava's chemistry is similar to that from a 1955 eruption.

Kilauea has a history of phreatomagmatic explosions. Scientists don't know how long after that an explosion could occur. It threw boulders as heavy as 12½ tonnes into the sky.

In little more than a week, the top of the lava lake has gone from spilling over the crater to nearly 970 feet below the surface as of Thursday morning, Mandeville said. Szigeti noted that the Big Island is "immense" and there are large parts of the island unaffected by the volcano.

"Because the lava intrusion is still active and earthquakes are still occurring, we still think there's a decent chance of new eruptive activity at the surface", Steven Brantley said. She's anxious potential flight disruptions would strand them on the island.

It's uncertain how big the explosions could be but scientists have said that Hawaii's Kilauea volcano appears to be mimicking behavior last seen in 1924.

People should also be cautious around the water: once lava interacts with saltwater, it produces hydrochloric acid, which is toxic.

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